Nazca is an ideal destination for nature and history lovers who are looking unforgettable experiences in a single destination. In this city, you will find the enigmatic Nazca Lines, declared a World Heritage Site in 1994.
Nazca is a town in Peru’s Southern Coast region. It is most famous for the so-called Nazca Lines, a mix of long lines, geometrical figures, and giant drawings in the desert sand.
Today’s Nazca town is on the site of where the ancient Nazca civilization was based after the fall of its first capital, Cahuachi, in around AD 400. It has an exotic, dusty, desert setting but holds little enchantment in itself. It can provide between a few hours’ and a few days’ entertainment depending on one’s interest in the ancient Nazca people.
The Nazca Lines are the star (and only) attraction. Scattered over 500 km² of an arid plateau between the Nazca River and Ingenio River, they are huge representations of geometric patterns, animals, humans figures and thousands of perfectly straight lines that go on for kilometers. They were created by removing surface stones, revealing the lighter-colored soil below. They’re unquestionably ancient (dating back 1400-2200 years), and remarkably precise (with straight lines and clean curves). The images are so huge that they are only appreciable from the air, a fact which has led to speculation that the ancient Nazca people either had access to hot air balloons or alien helpers. Most academics attribute the lines’ precision to low-tech surveying techniques, but nobody actually knows who made them or why.